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I am an Assistant Researcher at The University of Aveiro, Department of Biology and CESAM (Centre for Marine and Environmental Studies). I specialized in algae eco-physiology during my PhD at the University of Sheffield (UK), in close collaboration with the University of Leipzig (Germany). Since 2011, I also dedicated to research on a unique algae-animal association: kleptoplasty in sea slugs. Currently, I mainly develop research on (i) algae eco-physiology, including applied photobiology in algae biomass production, frequently in collaboration with SMEs companies, and on (ii) functional kleptoplasts (¿stolen¿ algal chloroplasts) inside animal cells. For the latter topic, I was recently awarded a European Research Council (ERC) starting Grant (¿2.3 million) to investigate the role and maintenance of functional kleptoplasts in photosynthetic sacoglossan sea slugs (ERC-2020-STG/949880/KleptoSlug, Starting date: May 2021); and a Assistant Research Position trough the Individual Call to Scientific Employment Stimulus (FCT | 2020.03278.CEECIND).
Identification

Personal identification

Full name
Sónia Cruz

Citation names

  • Cruz, Sónia

Author identifiers

Ciência ID
1612-17D6-C438
ORCID iD
0000-0003-4775-8161
Researcher Id
F-6165-2011
Scopus Author Id
23034034300

Telephones

Telephone
  • (+351) 234247092 (Professional)

Addresses

  • Departamento de Biologia, Universidade de Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193, Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal (Professional)

Websites

  • www.cesam.ua.pt/soniacruz (Professional)

Knowledge fields

  • Natural sciences - Biological Sciences
  • Natural sciences - Biological Sciences - Plant sciences
  • Natural sciences - Biological Sciences - Marine Biology

Languages

Language Speaking Reading Writing Listening Peer-review
Portuguese (Mother tongue)
English Proficiency (C2) Proficiency (C2) Proficiency (C2) Proficiency (C2) Proficiency (C2)
Education
Degree Classification
2010/05
Concluded
Plant Sciences (Doctor of Philosophy)
The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom
"Photosynthetic energy dissipation and chlororespiration in diatoms" (THESIS/DISSERTATION)
2004/10
Concluded
Licenciatura em Biologia (Licenciatura)
Universidade de Aveiro Departamento de Biologia, Portugal
16/20
Affiliation

Science

2021/03 - Current Auxiliary Researcher (Research)
Universidade de Aveiro Centro de Estudos do Ambiente e do Mar, Portugal
2020/09 - 2021/02 Researcher (Research)
Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal
2015/06 - 2020/05 Auxiliary Researcher (Research)
Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal
2014/10 - 2015/05 Visiting Researcher (Research)
Københavns Universitet Marinbiologisk Sektion, Denmark
2011/04 - 2015/05 Postdoc (Research)
Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal
2010/01 - 2011/03 Postdoc (Research)
University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
Projects

Grant

Designation Funders
2021 - 2026/04 KleptoSlug - Kleptoplasty: The sea slug that got away with stolen chloroplasts
949880
Principal investigator
Universidade de Aveiro Centro de Estudos do Ambiente e do Mar, Portugal
European Research Council
2018 - 2022/07 CtLight - Effects of light on the photobiology and growth of the commercially valuable macroalga Codium tomentosum
PTDC/BIA-FBT/30979/2017
Principal investigator
Universidade de Aveiro Centro de Estudos do Ambiente e do Mar, Portugal
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
2018 - 2020/09 Omics4Algae - Lipidomic tools for chemical phenotyping, traceability and valorisation of seaweeds from aquaculture as a sustainable source of high added-value compounds
POCI-01-0145-FEDER-030962
Researcher
Universidade de Aveiro Centro de Estudos do Ambiente e do Mar, Portugal
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
2018 - 2020/09 TraSeafood - Tracing the Geographic Origin of Seafood as a Pathway Towards the Smart Valorization of Endogenous Marine Resources
PTDC/BIA-BMA/29491/2017
Researcher
Universidade de Aveiro Centro de Estudos do Ambiente e do Mar, Portugal
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
2016 - 2020/02 HULK - Functional Chloroplasts inside Animal Cells: Cracking the Puzzle
PTDC/BIA-ANM/4622/2014
Principal investigator
Universidade de Aveiro Centro de Estudos do Ambiente e do Mar, Portugal
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
2012 - 2014/11 PHOTOSYMBIOXIS - Physiological and Behavioural Photoprotective Processes against Oxidative Stress in Marine Photosynthetic Symbioses
grant.322349
Principal investigator
Universidade de Aveiro Centro de Estudos do Ambiente e do Mar, Portugal
European Commission
Outputs

Publications

Journal article
  1. Paulo Cartaxana; Sónia Cruz. "On the art of stealing chloroplasts". eLife (2020): https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.64057.
    10.7554/eLife.64057
  2. Cátia Carreira; Christian Lønborg; Michael Kühl; Ana I Lillebø; Ruth-Anne Sandaa; Laura Villanueva; Sónia Cruz. "Fungi and viruses as important players in microbial mats". FEMS Microbiology Ecology (2020): https://doi.org/10.1093/femsec/fiaa187.
    10.1093/femsec/fiaa187
  3. Marques, Rúben; Cruz, Sónia; Calado, Ricardo; Lillebø, Ana; Abreu, Helena; Pereira, Rui; Pitarma, Bárbara; da Silva, Jorge Marques; Cartaxana, Paulo. "Effects of photoperiod and light spectra on growth and pigment composition of the green macroalga Codium tomentosum". Journal of Applied Phycology 33 1 (2020): 471-480. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10811-020-02289-9.
    10.1007/s10811-020-02289-9
  4. Chiara Giossi; Paulo Cartaxana; Sonia Cruz. "Photoprotective Role of Neoxanthin in Plants and Algae". Molecules (2020): https://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/25/20/4617.
    10.3390/molecules25204617
  5. Cruz, Sónia; LeKieffre, Charlotte; Cartaxana, Paulo; Hubas, Cédric; Thiney, Najet; Jakobsen, Sofie; Escrig, Stéphane; et al. "Functional kleptoplasts intermediate incorporation of carbon and nitrogen in cells of the Sacoglossa sea slug Elysia viridis". Scientific Reports 10 1 (2020): http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-66909-7.
    Open access • 10.1038/s41598-020-66909-7
  6. Rey, Felisa; Melo, Tânia; Cartaxana, P (8819-9D4D-4C85); Calado, Ricardo; Domingues, Pedro; Cruz, Sónia; Domingues, M Rosário M. "Coping with starvation: contrasting lipidomic dynamics in the cells of two sacoglossan sea slugs incorporating stolen plastids from the same macroalgae". Integrative and Comparative Biology (2020): http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icb/icaa019.
    Published • 10.1093/icb/icaa019
  7. Felisa Rey; Paulo Cartaxana; Tânia Melo; Ricardo Calado; Rui Pereira; Helena Abreu; Pedro Domingues; Sónia Cruz; M. Rosário Domingues. "Domesticated Populations of Codium tomentosum Display Lipid Extracts with Lower Seasonal Shifts than Conspecifics from the Wild—Relevance for Biotechnological Applications of this Green Seaweed". Marine Drugs 18 4 (2020): 188-188. https://doi.org/10.3390/md18040188.
    10.3390/md18040188
  8. Paulo Cartaxana; Luca Morelli; Bruno Jesus; Gonçalo Calado; Ricardo Calado; Sónia Cruz. "The photon menace: kleptoplast protection in the photosynthetic sea slug Elysia timida". The Journal of Experimental Biology 222 12 (2019): jeb202580-jeb202580. https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.202580.
    Published • 10.1242/jeb.202580
  9. Cartaxana, P.; Rey, F.; Ribeiro, M.; Moreira, A.S.P.; Rosário, M.; Domingues, M.; Calado, R.; Cruz, S.. "Nutritional state determines reproductive investment in the mixotrophic sea slug Elysia viridis". Marine Ecology Progress Series 611 (2019): 167-177. https://www.int-res.com/abstracts/meps/v611/p167-177/.
    10.3354/meps12866
  10. Dionísio, Gisela; Faleiro, Filipa; Bispo, Regina; Lopes, Ana Rita; Cruz, Sónia; Paula, José Ricardo; Repolho, Tiago; Calado, Ricardo; Rosa, Rui. "Distinct Bleaching Resilience of Photosynthetic Plastid-Bearing Mollusks Under Thermal Stress and High CO2 Conditions". Frontiers in Physiology 9 (2018): https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphys.2018.01675/full.
    10.3389/fphys.2018.01675
  11. Paulo Cartaxana; Luca Morelli; Carla Quintaneiro; Gonçalo Calado; Ricardo Calado; Sónia Cruz. "Kleptoplast photoacclimation state modulates the photobehaviour of the solar-powered sea slugElysia viridis". The Journal of Experimental Biology (2018): jeb.180463-jeb.180463. https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.180463.
    10.1242/jeb.180463
  12. Jorge Marques da Silva; Sónia Cruz; Paulo Cartaxana. "Inorganic carbon availability in benthic diatom communities: photosynthesis and migration". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 372 1728 (2017): 20160398-20160398. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2016.0398.
    10.1098/rstb.2016.0398
  13. Cartaxana P; Trampe E; Kühl M; Cruz S. "Kleptoplast photosynthesis is nutritionally relevant in the sea slug Elysia viridis.". Scientific Reports (2017): https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-08002-0.
    10.1038/s41598-017-08002-0
  14. Christa, G.; Cruz, S.; Jahns, P.; de Vries, J.; Cartaxana, P.; Esteves, A.C.; Serôdio, J.; Gould, S.B.. "Photoprotection in a monophyletic branch of chlorophyte algae is independent of energy-dependent quenching (qE)". New Phytologist 214 3 (2017): 1132-1144. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-85011665166&partnerID=MN8TOARS.
    10.1111/nph.14435
  15. Rey, F.; Da Costa, E.; Campos, A.M.; Cartaxana, P.; MacIel, E.; Domingues, P.; Domingues, M.R.M.; Calado, R.; Cruz, S.. "Kleptoplasty does not promote major shifts in the lipidome of macroalgal chloroplasts sequestered by the sacoglossan sea slug Elysia viridis". Scientific Reports 7 1 (2017): https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-12008-z.
    10.1038/s41598-017-12008-z
  16. Cartaxana, P.; Ribeiro, L.; Goessling, J.W.; Cruz, S.; Kühl, M.. "Light and O2 microenvironments in two contrasting diatom-dominated coastal sediments". Marine Ecology Progress Series 545 (2016): 35-47. https://int-res.com/abstracts/meps/v545/p35-47/.
    10.3354/meps11630
  17. Cartaxana, P.; Cruz, S.; Gameiro, C.; Kühl, M.. "Regulation of intertidal microphytobenthos photosynthesis over a diel emersion period is strongly affected by diatom migration patterns". Frontiers in Microbiology 7 JUN (2016): https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2016.00872/full.
    10.3389/fmicb.2016.00872
  18. Cartaxana, P.; Vieira, S.; Ribeiro, L.; Rocha, R.J.M.; Cruz, S.; Calado, R.; Da Silva, J.M.. "Effects of elevated temperature and CO2 on intertidal microphytobenthos". BMC Ecology 15 1 (2015): https://bmcecol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12898-015-0043-y.
    10.1186/s12898-015-0043-y
  19. Cruz, S.; Cartaxana, P.; Newcomer, R.; Dionísio, G.; Calado, R.; Serôdio, J.; Pelletreau, K.N.; Rumpho, M.E.. "Photoprotection in sequestered plastids of sea slugs and respective algal sources". Scientific Reports 5 (2015): https://www.nature.com/articles/srep07904.
    10.1038/srep07904
  20. Cruz, S.; Calado, R.; Serôdio, J.; Jesus, B.; Cartaxana, P.. "Pigment profile in the photosynthetic sea slug Elysia viridis (Montagu, 1804)". Journal of Molluscan Studies 80 5 (2014): 475-481. https://academic.oup.com/mollus/article/80/5/475/1035589.
    10.1093/mollus/eyu021
  21. Serôdio, J.; Cruz, S.; Cartaxana, P.; Calado, R.. "Photophysiology of kleptoplasts: Photosynthetic use of light by chloroplasts living in animal cells". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 369 1640 (2014): https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rstb.2013.0242.
    10.1098/rstb.2013.0242
  22. Dionísio, G.; Rosa, R.; Leal, M.C.; Cruz, S.; Brandão, C.; Calado, G.; SerÔdio, J.; Calado, R.. "Beauties and beasts: A portrait of sea slugs aquaculture". Aquaculture 408-409 (2013): 1-14. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0044848613002524.
    10.1016/j.aquaculture.2013.04.033
  23. Cruz, S.; Calado, R.; Serôdio, J.; Cartaxana, P.. "Crawling leaves: Photosynthesis in sacoglossan sea slugs". Journal of Experimental Botany 64 13 (2013): 3999-4009. https://academic.oup.com/jxb/article/64/13/3999/436339.
    10.1093/jxb/ert197
  24. Cartaxana, P.; Domingues, N.; Cruz, S.; Jesus, B.; Laviale, M.; Serôdio, J.; Da Silva, J.M.. "Photoinhibition in benthic diatom assemblages under light stress". Aquatic Microbial Ecology 70 1 (2013): 87-92. https://www.int-res.com/abstracts/ame/v70/n1/p87-92/.
    10.3354/ame01648
  25. Cruz, S.; Dionísio, G.; Rosa, R.; Calado, R.; Serôdio, J.. "Anesthetizing solar-powered sea slugs for photobiological studies". Biological Bulletin 223 3 (2012): 328-336. https://www.academia.edu/3381608/Anesthetizing_solar-powered_sea_slugs_for_photobiological_studies.
  26. Bombelli, P.; McCormick, A.; Bradley, R.; Yunus, K.; Philips, J.; Anderson, X.; Cruz, S.; et al. "Harnessing solar energy by bio-photovoltaic (BPV) devices.". Communications in agricultural and applied biological sciences 76 2 (2011): 89-91. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-79955681681&partnerID=MN8TOARS.
  27. Bombelli, P.; Bradley, R.W.; Scott, A.M.; Philips, A.J.; McCormick, A.J.; Cruz, S.M.; Anderson, A.; et al. "Quantitative analysis of the factors limiting solar power transduction by Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 in biological photovoltaic devices". Energy and Environmental Science 4 11 (2011): 4690-4698. https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2011/ee/c1ee02531g#!divAbstract.
    10.1039/c1ee02531g
  28. Cruz, S.; Goss, R.; Wilhelm, C.; Leegood, R.; Horton, P.; Jakob, T.. "Impact of chlororespiration on non-photochemical quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence and on the regulation of the diadinoxanthin cycle in the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana". Journal of Experimental Botany 62 2 (2011): 509-519. https://academic.oup.com/jxb/article/62/2/509/587943.
    10.1093/jxb/erq284
  29. Cruz, S.; Serôdio, J.. "Relationship of rapid light curves of variable fluorescence to photoacclimation and non-photochemical quenching in a benthic diatom". Aquatic Botany 88 3 (2008): 256-264. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0304377007001726.
    10.1016/j.aquabot.2007.11.001
  30. Serôdio, J.; Vieira, S.; Cruz, S.. "Photosynthetic activity, photoprotection and photoinhibition in intertidal microphytobenthos as studied in situ using variable chlorophyll fluorescence". Continental Shelf Research 28 10-11 (2008): 1363-1375. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-44449133209&partnerID=MN8TOARS.
    10.1016/j.csr.2008.03.019
  31. Serôdio, J.; Vieira, S.; Cruz, S.; Coelho, H.. "Rapid light-response curves of chlorophyll fluorescence in microalgae: Relationship to steady-state light curves and non-photochemical quenching in benthic diatom-dominated assemblages". Photosynthesis Research 90 1 (2006): 29-43. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11120-006-9105-5.
    10.1007/s11120-006-9105-5
  32. Serôdio, J.; Coelho, H.; Vieira, S.; Cruz, S.. "Microphytobenthos vertical migratory photoresponse as characterised by light-response curves of surface biomass". Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 68 3-4 (2006): 547-556. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0272771406000977.
    10.1016/j.ecss.2006.03.005
  33. Serôdio, J.; Vieira, S.; Cruz, S.; Barroso, F.. "Short-term variability in the photosynthetic activity of microphytobenthos as detected by measuring rapid light curves using variable fluorescence". Marine Biology 146 5 (2005): 903-914. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-17444419745&partnerID=MN8TOARS.
    10.1007/s00227-004-1504-6
  34. Serôdio, J.; Cruz, S.; Vieira, S.; Brotas, V.. "Non-photochemical quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence and operation of the xanthophyll cycle in estuarine microphytobenthos". Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 326 2 (2005): 157-169. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-27844505208&partnerID=MN8TOARS.
    10.1016/j.jembe.2005.05.011
Activities

Oral presentation

Presentation title Event name
Host (Event location)
2020/11/20 Contrasting lipidomic response under starvation conditions of two sympatric sacoglossan sea slug species Lipid in the Ocean, 2nd edition
(Aveiro, Portugal)
2019/09/12 Lipidomics of solar-power animals: a tool to unravel the process of kleptoplasty 20th Iberian Symposium on Marine Biology Studies (SIEBM XX), 9 -12 September 2019
University of Minho, Portugal (Braga, Portugal)
2019/08/16 Kleptoplasts of the solar-powered sea slug Elysia crispata collected at different depths display similar pigment and fatty acid profiles World Congress of Malacology
California Academy of Sciences (Pacific Grove, California, United States)
2018 Kleptoplast photoacclimation state modulates the photobehaviour of the solar-powered sea slug Elysia viridis Society for Experimental Biology annual meeting, SEB 2018
(Florence, Italy)
2018 Chloroplasts sequestered by the sacoglossan sea slug Elysia viridis preserve original lipidome of plastid membranes 31st Congress of the New European Society for Comparative Physiology & Biochemistry: ESPB - 2018
(Porto, Portugal)
2018 Cloroplastos funcionais dentro de células de Sacoglossos: o projecto HULK Portuguese Congress on Malacology, CPM 2018
(Funchal, Portugal)
2017 Studying kleptoplasty in animal cells using chlorophyll a fluorescence AQUAFLUO - Chlorophyll Fluorescence in Aquatic Sciences Meeting 2017
(Sidney, Australia)
2014 Photosynthetic animals – a natural blueprint for synthetic organelles Biology of plastids - Towards a blueprint for synthetic organelles
(Pultusk, Poland)
2014 Photosynthetic sea slugs and Global climate change: the role of kleptoplastic animals in a changing world Estuarine & Coastal Sciences Association Meeting - ECSA54
(Sesimbra, Portugal)
2013 Photoprotection mechanisms in sacoglossan sea slugs World Congress of Malacology
(Ponta Delgada, Portugal)
2013 Culturing sea slugs: why they matter? World Congress of Malacology
(Ponta Delgada, Portugal)
2010 Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to generate electrical current: insight into the cell wall and cell membranes proteomics 14th International conference on the Cell and Molecular Biology of Chlamydomonas
(Norton, United States)
2005 Xanthophyll cycle and non-photochemical quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence in estuarine microalgae as a response to light stress Plankton symposium III
(Figueira da Foz, Portugal)

Supervision

Thesis Title
Role
Degree Subject (Type)
Institution / Organization
2020/10 - Current Mucus of Sacoglossa sea slugs: Contribution of kleptoplast photosynthesis, biochemical characterization and adhesive properties
Co-supervisor of Diana Lopes
Bioquímica (Doutoramento) (PhD)
Universidade de Aveiro Centro de Estudos do Ambiente e do Mar, Portugal
2019 - Current La luz en la ecología poblacional y conductual de Elysia crispata (Mollusca: Sacoglossa): preferencia en diferentes espectros e intensidades.
Co-supervisor of Xochitl Guadalupe Vital Arriaga
Ciencias Biológicas (PhD)
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico
2017 - 2021/02 Ecological impacts of biological mortality and environmental factors on hypersaline microbial mats
Supervisor of Dr. Cátia Carreira
Fellow researcher (Other)
Universidade de Aveiro Centro de Estudos do Ambiente e do Mar, Portugal
2018 - 2019 Photoacclimation and photoprotection strategies in siphonous green algae of the order Bryopsidales (Codium tomentosum and Bryopsis plumosa)
Co-supervisor of Chiara Giossi
Biologia Marina (Master)
Università degli Studi di Bologna Scuola di Scienze, Italy
2018 - 2019 Effects of light on the photobiology and growth of the commercially valuable macroalgae Codium tomentosum
Co-supervisor of Rúben Filipe Nascimento Marques
Biologia Marinha (Master)
Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal
2017 - 2019 Decoding the functions of chloroplasts in the metabolism of sacoglossan sea slugs
Co-supervisor of Dr. Felisa Rey Eiras
Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal
2016 - 2018 Functional chloroplasts inside animal cells: cracking the puzzle
Supervisor of Dr. Paulo Cartaxana
Fellow Researcher (Other)
Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal
2016 - 2017 Functional chloroplasts inside animal cells: exploring the photoprotective mechanisms
Supervisor of Luca Morelli
Biotecnologie vegetali e microbiche (Master)
Università degli Studi di Pisa Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie Alimentari e Agro-ambientali, Italy
2016 - 2017 Effects of food availability and irradiance on photosynthesis and reproductive investment in the sea slug Elysia viridis
Supervisor of Mariana Isabel Teixeira Ribeiro
Biologia Marinha (Master)
Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal

Jury of academic degree

Topic
Role
Candidate name (Type of degree)
Institution / Organization
2017 Effects of food availability and irradiance on photosynthesis and reproductive investment in the sea slug Elysia viridis
Supervisor
Mariana Isabel Teixeira Ribeiro (Master)
Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal
2013 Copping with Extreme Dehydration: A Physiological, Biochemical and Molecular Study on the Aquatic Bryophyte Fontinalis antipyretica
Thesis Member
Ricardo Filipe Duarte da Cruz Carvalho (PhD)
Universidade de Lisboa Faculdade de Ciências, Portugal

Committee member

Activity description
Role
Institution / Organization
2019/04 - Current Member of the Department of Biology Council
Member
Universidade de Aveiro Departamento de Biologia, Portugal
2017/09 - 2020/05 Coordinator of the research group Marine Biotechnology and Aquaculture
Coordinator
Universidade de Aveiro Centro de Estudos do Ambiente e do Mar, Portugal

Course / Discipline taught

Academic session Degree Subject (Type) Institution / Organization
2013 - 2013 Fast chlorophyll a fluorescence transient analysis (OJIP) PAM Fluorometry (Curso de doutoramento (conclusão de unidades curriculares)) Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal
2012 - 2012 Kleptoplasty: plastid acquisition in sea slugs BioPlant workshop and advanced course (Curso de doutoramento (conclusão de unidades curriculares)) Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal
2011 - 2011 Fast chlorophyll a fluorescence transient analysis (OJIP) Optical techniques for the in vivo study of photosynthesis (Curso de doutoramento (conclusão de unidades curriculares)) Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal
2010 - 2010 Physiology of Organisms Biology (Licence) University of Cambridge Department of Plant Sciences, United Kingdom
2006 - 2008 Practical Skills in Biology I and II Biology (Licence) The University of Sheffield Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, United Kingdom
Distinctions

Award

2008 Scurfield Memory Bursary award
The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom
2007 Excellence Exchange Scheme award
The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom