Robert William Clowes. Completed the Doutoramento in University of Sussex, PhD Cognitive Science Programme (Specialism Philosophy) in 2008 by University of Sussex, Mestrado in Master of Science in Applied Informatics in 1996 by Middlesex University School of Science and Technology and Licenciatura in Undergraduate Degree in 1994 by Keele University. Has received 1 awards and/or honors. Works in the area(s) of Humanities with emphasis on Philosophy, Ethics and Religion with emphasis on Philosophy. In his curriculum Ciência Vitae the most frequent terms in the context of scientific, technological and artistic-cultural output are: Extended Mind; Representation; Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Technology; Philosophy of Mind; Consciousness Science; Philosophy of Memory; Emergence; Applied Ethics; .

Personal identification

Full name
Robert William Clowes

Citation names

  • Clowes, Robert
  • Robert W Clowes

Author identifiers

Ciência ID

Knowledge fields

  • Humanities - Philosophy, Ethics and Religion - Philosophy


Language Speaking Reading Writing Listening Peer-review
Portuguese Upper intermediate (B2) Upper intermediate (B2) Intermediate (B1) Intermediate (B1) Upper intermediate (B2)
Spanish; Castilian Intermediate (B1) Intermediate (B1) Beginner (A1) Intermediate (B1)
English Proficiency (C2) Proficiency (C2) Proficiency (C2) Proficiency (C2)
Degree Classification
University of Sussex, PhD Cognitive Science Programme (Specialism Philosophy) (Doutoramento)
University of Sussex, United Kingdom
"Beyond situated action : a neo-Vygotskian theory of thinking and language internalisation / Robert William Clowes." (THESIS/DISSERTATION)
Doctorate Awarded
Master of Science in Applied Informatics (Mestrado)
Middlesex University School of Science and Technology, United Kingdom
"Artificial Intelligence and Music: " (THESIS/DISSERTATION)
Undergraduate Degree (Licenciatura)
Keele University, United Kingdom
"Dual Honours Degree in English and Philosophy, " (THESIS/DISSERTATION)
Class II, Division i


Host institution
2008 - 2020 Researcher (Research) Universidade Nova de Lisboa Instituto de Filosofia, Portugal
Universidade Nova de Lisboa Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Portugal
2010/10/01 - 2016/09/10 Visiting Researcher (Research) University of Sussex, United Kingdom
2010/01/01 - 2016/01/01 Postdoc (Research) Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal

Teaching in Higher Education

Host institution
2004/09/01 - 2005/09/01 Assistant Professor (University Teacher) University of Sussex, United Kingdom


Host institution
2005/10/01 - 2010/07/30 Tutorial Fellow in the Philosophy of Cognitive Science University of Sussex, United Kingdom
2005/09/01 - 2010/07/01 Tutorial Fellow in the Philosophy of Cognitive Science University of Sussex, United Kingdom
2004/10/01 - 2005/08/01 Tutor Psychology University of Sussex, United Kingdom
2003/10/01 - 2004/01/31 Researcher visiting SKAI lab Skovde with EUCognition Funding Hogskolan i Skovde Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Sweden


Book chapter
  1. Robert W Clowes. "Breaking the Code: Strong Agency and Becoming a Person". In Blade Runner 2049: A Philosophical Exploration, edited by Shanahan, Timothy; Paul Smart, 108-126. Abingdon, Oxon, United Kingdom: Routledge, 2020.
  2. Klaus Gartner; Robert Clowes. "Predictive Processing and Metaphysical Views of the Self". edited by Mendon{\c c, 59-82. Bloomsbury, 2020.
  3. Robert Clowes. "Breaking the Code". In Strong Agency and Becoming a Person, edited by Timothy Shanahan; Paul Smart, 108-126. Routledge, 2020.
  4. Clowes, Robert W.. "Rethinking the Ipseity Disturbance Theory of Schizophrenia Through Predictive Processing". In Schizophrenia and Common Sense, 113-136. Springer International Publishing, 2018.
  5. Smart, Paul; Heersmink, Richard; Clowes, Robert W.. "The Cognitive Ecology of the Internet". In Cognition Beyond the Brain, 251-282. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
  6. Clowes, Robert W.. "Extended memory". In The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Memory, 243-254. Routledge, 2017.
    Published • 10.4324/9781315687315-20
  7. Robert Clowes. "Extended memory". edited by Bernecker, {Sven, 243-254. Routledge, 2017.
Book review
  1. Robert W Clowes. "Review of Zoltan Torey's The Crucible of Consciousness.". Review of The Crucible of Consciousness 18, 7-8 (2011): 7-8.
Conference paper
  1. Clowes, R.W.. "Reading, new media technology and what they tell us about social cognition". 2014.
  2. Clowes, R.W.. "Hybrid memory, cognitive technology and self". 2012.
  3. Clowes, R.; Torrance, S.; Chrisley, R.. "Introduction". 2011.
  4. Clowes, R.. "The problem of inner speech and its relation to the organization of conscious experience: A self-regulation model.". 2006.
  5. Chrisley, R.; Clowes, R.; Torrance, S.. "Next-generation approaches to machine consciousness". 2005.
  6. Chrisley, R.; Clowes, R.; Torrance, S.. "Symposium preface: Next generation approaches to machine consciousness: Imagination, development, intersubjectivity, and embodiment". 2005.
  7. Robert W Clowes; Morse, A.F.. "Scaffolding Cognition with Words". Paper presented in 5th International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics, 2005.
Journal article
  1. Milkowski, Marcin; Clowes, Robert; Rucinska, Zuzanna; Przegalinska, Aleksandra; Zawidzki, Tadeusz; Krueger, Joel; Gies, Adam; et al. "From Wide Cognition to Mechanisms: A Silent Revolution". Frontiers in Psychology 9 (2018): http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02393.
  2. Robert W. Clowes; Klaus Gärtner. "The Pre-reflective Situational Self". Topoi (2018): https://doi.org/10.1007/s11245-018-9598-5.
  3. Clowes, Robert W.. "Immaterial engagement: human agency and the cognitive ecology of the internet". Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 18 1 (2018): 259-279. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11097-018-9560-4.
    Published • 10.1007/s11097-018-9560-4
  4. Clowes, Robert W.. "Screen reading and the creation of new cognitive ecologies". AI & SOCIETY 34 4 (2018): 705-720. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00146-017-0785-5.
  5. Gärtner, Klaus; Clowes, Robert W.. "Enactivism, Radical Enactivism and Predictive Processing: What is Radical in Cognitive Science?". Kairos. Journal of Philosophy & Science 18 1 (2017): 54-83. http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/kjps-2017-0003.
    Published • 10.1515/kjps-2017-0003
  6. Paul Smart; Robert Clowes; Richard Heersmink. "Minds online". Foundations and Trends in Web Science 6 1-2 (2017): 1-232. https://novaresearch.unl.pt/en/publications/9a320259-8353-4b98-bbfa-f1a86dc6439f.
  7. Smart, Paul; Clowes, Robert; Heersmink, Richard. "Minds Online: The Interface between Web Science, Cognitive Science and the Philosophy of Mind". Foundations and Trends® in Web Science 6 1-2 (2017): 1-232. http://dx.doi.org/10.1561/1800000026.
  8. Clowes, R.. "Thinking in the Cloud: The Cognitive Incorporation of Cloud-Based Technology". Philosophy and Technology 28 2 (2015): 261-296. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84930010827&partnerID=MN8TOARS.
    Published • 10.1007/s13347-014-0153-z
  9. Clowes, R.W.; Mendonça, D.. "Representation Redux: Is there still a useful role for representation to play in the context of embodied, dynamicist and situated theories of mind?". New Ideas in Psychology (2014): http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84928661366&partnerID=MN8TOARS.
  10. Clowes, R.W.. "The Cognitive Integration of E-Memory". Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4 1 (2013): 107-133. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84874811241&partnerID=MN8TOARS.
  11. Chrisley, R.; Clowes, R.W.. "Special issue on machine consciousness: Self, integration and explanation | selected papers from the 2011 aisb workshop: Guest editors' introduction". International Journal of Machine Consciousness 4 2 (2012): 313-323. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84872738529&partnerID=MN8TOARS.
  12. Clowes, R.W.; Chrisley, R.. "Virtualist representation". International Journal of Machine Consciousness 4 2 (2012): 503-522. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84872707820&partnerID=MN8TOARS.
  13. RON CHRISLEY; ROBERT W. CLOWES. "GUEST EDITORS' INTRODUCTION". Int. J. Mach. Conscious. 04 02 (2012): 313-323. http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/s1793843012020027.
  14. ROBERT W. CLOWES; RON CHRISLEY. "VIRTUALIST REPRESENTATION". Int. J. Mach. Conscious. 04 02 (2012): 503-522. http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/s179384301240029x.
  15. Morse, A.F.; Herrera, C.; Clowes, R.; Montebelli, A.; Ziemke, T.. "The role of robotic modelling in cognitive science". New Ideas in Psychology 29 3 (2011): 312-324. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-79956122033&partnerID=MN8TOARS.
  16. Robert W Clowes; Robert Clowes; Clowes, R.. "Semiotic Symbols and the Missing Theory of Thinking". Interaction Studies 8 1 (2009): 105-124. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-34547220892&partnerID=MN8TOARS.
  17. Clowes RW; Seth AK. "Axioms, properties and criteria: roles for synthesis in the science of consciousness.". (2008): http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/18922687.
  18. Clowes, R.. "A self-regulation model of inner speech and its role in the organisation of human conscious experience". Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 7 (2007): 59-71. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-34547163916&partnerID=MN8TOARS.
  19. Clowes, R.; Torrance, S.; Chrisley, R.. "Machine consciousness: Embodiment and imagination". Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 7 (2007): 7-14. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-34547178288&partnerID=MN8TOARS.


Other output
  1. Steve Torrance; Robert Clowes. 2013. Machine Consciousness and Autonomous Agents.

Oral presentation

Presentation title Event name
Host (Event location)
2019/10/25 Predictive Processing, Virtualism and Illusionism: How does Folk Psychology Meet up with the New View of Mind? 4th Avante Conference : Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies, October 24 -26, 2019, Porto, Portugal
AVANT. Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies: University of Porto (Porto, Portugal)
2018/09/27 Agency, Memory and the Cognitive Ecology of AI Cambridge Singularity Summit: Imagination, Memory, Consciousness, Agency, Values
Jesus College, Cambridge UK. (Cambridge, United Kingdom)
2017/10/12 The Minimal Self,Virtuality and Predictive Processing III International Conference on Philosophy of Mind:
University of Minho (Minho, Portugal)
2017 Current Social Technology, Near Future Social Robotics Workshop on Humanoid Robotics and Social Experience
University of Sussex (Brighton, United Kingdom)
2016/06/11 Material Engagement and Immaterial Culture: The Cognitive Implications of the Internet Creative Evolution: Mind, biosocial plasticity and material engagement
Keble College, Oxford University (Oxford, United Kingdom)
2015/10/16 Can Self be Extended by Technology? Situating Cognition: Agency, Affect, and Extension: 2nd International Conference in Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies
Avant; University of Warsaw: Graduate School of Social Research: Centre for Philosophical Research: Poland (Warsaw, Poland)
2015/06/15 Accounting for Human Cognitive Flexibility and Change. Articulating the interplay of inner and outer Content or No-Content: the Role of Representations in Early Cognition: SECOND PORTO WORKSHOP ON EMBODIMENT AND SOCIAL COGNITION
MLAG, Instituto de Filosofia da Universidade do Porto (Porto, Portugal)

Event organisation

Event name
Type of event (Role)
Institution / Organization
2018/04/23 - 2018/04/23 Virtualism and the Mind: Rethinking Presence, Representation and the Self (2018/04/23 - 2018/04/23)
Workshop (President of the Organising Committee)
Universidade Nova de Lisboa Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Portugal

Committee member

Activity description
Institution / Organization
2017 - 2019 Committee Member of Scientific Committee for IFILNOVA
Universidade Nova de Lisboa Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Portugal

Course / Discipline taught

Academic session Degree Subject (Type) Institution / Organization
2020/10/02 - Current Philosophy of Mind Filosofia (Licenciatura) Universidade Nova de Lisboa Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Portugal
2019/02 - 2019/06 Philosophy of Mind Filosofia (Licenciatura) Universidade Nova de Lisboa Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Portugal
2018/02 - 2018/06 Philosophy of Science Filosofia (Licenciatura) Universidade Nova de Lisboa Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Portugal


2019 Prémio Santander de Internacionalização da Produção Científica da NOVA FCSH
Banco Santander Portugal, Portugal

Other distinction

2007 Commended for being in the top 5% of the operational performance review of teaching at the University of Sussex
University of Sussex, United Kingdom