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Maria Irene Ramalho is professor emerita of English, American Studies and Feminist Studies at the Faculty of Letters, University of Coimbra, where she was scientific coordinator of the doctoral programs in American Studies and Feminist Studies until September 2011. Since 1999, she is an International Affiliate of the Department of Comparative Literature at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where she teaches regularly as a visiting professor. She has published extensively, both in Portuguese and in English, on different topics of English language literature and culture (with a special focus on American poetry), as well as on American studies, comparative literature, poetic theory, cultural studies, and feminist studies. Her current research interests include problems of modernity and modernism, comparative poetics, poetry and philosophy, theories of American studies and theories of feminism. She is on the editorial board of several literature and culture journals.
Identification

Personal identification

Full name
Maria Irene Abreu Ramalho Sousa Santos

Citation names

  • Ramalho, Maria Irene

Author identifiers

Ciência ID
BB1C-944F-B679

Email addresses

  • mir@ces.uc.pt (Professional)

Knowledge fields

  • Humanities - Languages and Literatures - Specific Languages

Languages

Language Speaking Reading Writing Listening Peer-review
English Advanced (C1) Advanced (C1) Advanced (C1) Advanced (C1) Advanced (C1)
German Advanced (C1) Advanced (C1) Advanced (C1) Advanced (C1) Advanced (C1)
French Advanced (C1) Advanced (C1) Advanced (C1) Advanced (C1) Advanced (C1)
Education
Degree Classification
1986
Concluded
English and American Literature and Culture (Título de Agregado)
Universidade de Coimbra Faculdade de Letras, Portugal
1968/09 - 1974/01
Concluded
American Studies (Doctor of Philosophy)
Major in English and American Studies
Yale University Department of English, United States
Approved
Affiliation

Teaching in Higher Education

2001 - 2013 Invited Full Professor (University Teacher)
University of Wisconsin-Madison, United States
1988 - 2011 Full Professor (University Teacher)
Universidade de Coimbra Faculdade de Letras, Portugal
1991 - 1996 Invited Full Professor (University Teacher)
University of Wisconsin-Madison, United States
Projects

Contract

Designation Funders
2005 - 2008 A representação da violência e a violência da representação
POCI/ELT/61579/2004
Researcher
Universidade de Coimbra Centro de Estudos Sociais, Portugal
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
2002 - 2005 Memória, Violência e Identidade: Novas Perspectivas Comparadas Sobre o Modernismo
POCTI/ELT/36434/2000
Principal investigator
Universidade de Coimbra Centro de Estudos Sociais, Portugal
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
1994 - 1997 Intelectuais, Cultura e Sociedade: Quatro Estudos de Caso
PCSH/C/SOC/722/93
Principal investigator
Universidade de Coimbra Centro de Estudos Sociais, Portugal
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
1988 - 1991 O Estado, a Economia e a Reprodução Social na Semiperiferia do Sistema Mundial: o Caso Português
PT/FCT/JNICT/DSPP-DGP/001/1326
Researcher
Universidade de Coimbra Centro de Estudos Sociais, Portugal
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
Outputs

Publications

Book
  1. Santos, Maria. Poetas do Atlântico Fernando Pessoa e o modernismo norte-americano. Porto, Portugal: Edições Afrontamento. 2008.
    Published
  2. Santos, Maria. Poetas do Atlântico: Fernando Pessoa e o Modernismo Anglo-Americano. Belo Horizonte, Brazil: UFMG. 2007.
    Published
  3. Santos, Maria. Atlantic Poets: Fernando Pessoa’s Turn in Anglo-American Modernism. Hanover, United States: Dartmouth. 2002.
    Published
  4. Santos, Maria. The American Columbiad: Discovering America, Inventing the United States. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Free University Press. 1996.
    Published
Book chapter
  1. Santos, Maria. "‘What’s in a Name?’ Utopia – Sociology – Poetry". In Epistemologies of the South. Knowledge Born in the Struggle, edited by Santos, Boaventura de Sousa; Meneses, Maria Paula, 126-145. New York, United States: Routledge, 2019.
    Published
  2. Santos, Maria. "‘E o que era são’? Intersexualidades e vida vivível". In Intersexualidades/Interseccionalidades: Saberes e sentidos do corpo, 77-93. Uberlândia, Brazil: O sexo da palavra, 2019.
    Published
  3. Santos, Maria. "Blindfolded Eyes and the Eyable Being. Pessoa, the Senses, and the 35 Sonnets". In Inside the Mask: The English Poetry of Fernando Pessoa, 138-151. Providence, United States: Gávea-Brown Publications, 2018.
    Published
  4. Santos, Maria. "Europe and America. An Age-Old Relationship Revisited". In Il critico e lo scrittore. Saggi e testimonianze letterarie in onore di Mario Materassi, 21-37. Città di Castello, Italy: I libri di Emil, 2017.
    Published
  5. Santos, Maria. "Filosofia, literatura, feminismo – Um percurso com Fernanda Henriques". In Filosofia e Género. Outras narrativas sobre a tradição ocidental, 11-14. Lisboa, Portugal: Colibri, 2017.
    Published
  6. Santos, Maria. "O feminismo como filosofia. Introdução ao pensamento de Rosi Braidotti". In Pensamento crítico contemporâneo, 124-143. Lisboa, Portugal: Edições 70, 2014.
    Published
  7. Santos, Maria. "Gender, Species and Coloniality in Maria Velho da Costa". In Gender, Empire and Postcolony, 191-202. New York, United States: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.
    Published
  8. Santos, Maria. "Prólogo". In Discurso sobre el hijo-de-puta, 9-31. Logroño, Spain: Pepitas de Calabaza, 2014.
    Published
  9. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "A violência da cultura. Sexo, espécie e colonialidade em Maria Velho da Costa". In Representações da violência, 51-63. Coimbra, Portugal: Edições Almedina, 2013.
    Published
  10. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "‘O deus que faltava’. Pessoa’s Theory of Lyric Poetry". In Fernando Pessoa's Modernity without Frontiers: Influences, Dialogues, Responses, 23-35. Suffolk, United Kingdom: Tamesis Books, 2013.
    Published
  11. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "‘America’ Here There and Everywhere: The Challenges of American Studies in Our Time". In America Where? Transatlantic Views of the United States in the 21st Century, 9-18. Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang, 2012.
    Published
  12. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "America in Poetry". In America Where? Transatlantic Views of the United States in the 21st Century, 245-281. Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang, 2012.
    Published
  13. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "The Tail of the Lizard: Pessoan Disquietude and the Subject of Modernity". In Portuguese Modernisms. Multiple Perspectives on Literature and the Visual Arts, 264-276. London, United Kingdom: Legenda Main, 2011.
    Published
  14. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "The God That Was Missing: Poetry, Divinity, Everydayness". In The Turn Around Religion in America. Literature, Culture, and the Work of Sacvan Bercovitch, 378-407. Burlington VT, United States: Ashgate Publishing, 2011.
    Published
  15. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "A musa gazeteira e o corpo do poeta". In O Corpo em Pessoa Corporalidade, género, sexualidade, 229-249. Lisboa, Portugal: Assírio & Alvim, 2010.
    Published
  16. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "A Poetics of Ignorance: António Ramos Rosa and Wallace Stevens". In Wallace Stevens across the Atlantic, 204-215. London, United Kingdom: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.
    Published
  17. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "La poesia e il sistema mondiale. Fernando Pessoa inventor dela semiperiferia". In Atlantico Periferico: Il postcolonialismo portoghese e il sistema mondiale, 137-196. Parma, Italy: Edizioni Diabasis, 2008.
    Published
  18. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Paulo Quintela, o amante de poesia". In Homenagem a Paulo Quintela no centenário do seu nascimento, 1905-1987, 25-43. Coimbra, Portugal: Universidade de Coimbra Faculdade de Letras, 2008.
    Published
  19. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "The Truant Muse and the Poet’s Body". In Embodying Pessoa: Corporeality, Gender, Sexuality, 181-200. Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press, 2007.
    Published
  20. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "A Voracity of Contemplation. American Modernism Revisited in Marianne Moore". In «And Gladly Wolde (S)he Lerne and Gladly Teche» Homenagem a Júlia Dias Ferreira, 481-500. Lisboa, Portugal: Edições Colibri, 2007.
    Published
  21. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "All the Names: Saramago and the Lyric". In In Dialogue with Saramago: Essays in Comparative Literature, 91-103. Manchester, United Kingdom: The University of Manchester, 2006.
    Published
  22. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Poetry and Translatability. Or: Gertrude Stein, the Foreigner". In Identity and Cultural Translation: Writing across the Borders of Englishness, 21-37. Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang, 2005.
    Published
  23. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "A arte da ruminação: Os heterónimos pessoanos revisitados". In Largo mundo alumiado. Estudos em homenagem a Vítor Aguiar e Silva, 829-843. Braga, Portugal: Universidade do Minho Centro de Estudos Humanísticos, 2005.
    Published
  24. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Modernismo e imperialismo: A Mensagem de Fernando Pessoa". In Mensagem de Fernando Pessoa 70 anos depois, 7-37. Coimbra, Portugal: Centro de Literatura Portuguesa, 2005.
    Published
  25. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Misremembering. H. D. and Inspiration". In Landscapes of Memory/Paisagens da Memória, 289-304. Lisboa, Portugal: Universidade Católica Portuguesa, 2004.
    Published
  26. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "The Accidental Bridge: Hart Crane’s Theory of Poetry". In Rebound: The American Poetry Book, 89-98. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Rodopi, 2004.
    Published
  27. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Poetry in the Machine Age". In Cambridge History of American Literature, 180-342. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
    Published
  28. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "A sogra de Rute ou intersexualidades". In Globalização. Fatalidade ou utopia?, 526-555. Porto, Portugal: Edições Afrontamento, 2001.
    Published
  29. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "The Transparent Eyeball and Other American Spectacles". In Ceremonies and Spectacles: Performing American Culture, 3-20. Amsterdam, Netherlands: VU University Press, 2000.
    Published
  30. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "American Studies as Traveling Culture: An Extravagant Nonnative's Wanderings in Global Scholarship". In Predecessors: Intellectual Lineages in American Studies, 340-358. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Free University Press, 1998.
    Published
  31. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Isabel's Freedom: Henry James's The Portrait of a Lady". In Henry James's the Portrait of a Lady. Broomal, United States: Chelsea House Pub, 1998.
    Published
  32. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "A poesia e o sistema mundial: Fernando Pessoa, inventor da semi-periferia". In Portugal: um retrato singular, 93-130. Porto, Portugal: Edições Afrontamento, 1993.
    Published
  33. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "American Exceptionalism and the Naturalization of America". In Prospects: An Annual of American Cultural Studies, 1-23. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
    Published
  34. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "A história, o vagabundo e a armadilha da ficção". In Limites: Anais do III Congresso da Associação Brasileira de Literatura Comparada, 317-327. São Paulo, Brazil: Edusp, 1993.
    Published
  35. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "A viagem americana". In À esquerda do possível, 104-107. Lisboa, Portugal: Edições Colibri, 1993.
    Published
  36. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Whitman's Discoveries as Metaphor and Ideology". In The Continuing Presence of Walt Whitman: The Life after the Life, 152-166. Iowa, United States: University of Iowa Press, 1992.
    Published
  37. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "A ilha incontinente: o atlantismo de Walt Whitman e Fernando Pessoa". In Um século de Pessoa: Encontro Internacional do Centenário de Fernando Pessoa, 300-305. Lisboa, Portugal: Secretaria de Estado da Cultura, 1990.
    Published
  38. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "A utopia igualitária na ‘naturalização’ da América". In Utopia, mitos e formas, 261-272. Lisboa, Portugal: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, 1990.
    Published
  39. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "The city upon a hill: destino e missão na literatura americana". In O imaginário da cidade, 381-399. Lisboa, Portugal: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, 1989.
    Published
  40. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Da crítica à ficção: Harold Bloom no centro e na margem". In Ficc¸a~o narrativa : Discurso cri´tico e discurso litera´rio : Actas do III encontro da associac¸a~o Portuguesa de estudios Anglo-Americanos. Lisboa, Portugal: APEAA, 1986.
    Published
Edited book
  1. Santos, Maria. America Where? Transatlantic Views of the United States in the 21st Century. Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang. 2012.
    Published
  2. Santos, Maria. Poesia do mundo VI. Coimbra, Portugal: Palimage. 2010.
    Published
  3. Santos, Maria. Translocal Modernisms: International Perspectives. Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang. 2008.
    Published
  4. Santos, Maria. Entre ser e estar - Raízes, Percursos e Discursos da Identidade. Porto, Portugal: Edições Afrontamento. 2002.
    Published
Journal article
  1. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Eukié: Maria Velho da Costa and the Absurd". Portuguese Studies 35 2 (2019): 216-27.
    Published
  2. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Orpheu et al. Modernism, Women, and the War". Pessoa Plural. A Journal of Fernando Pessoa Studies 11 (2017): 44-65.
    Published
  3. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "What the Poet Meant. Teaching Stevens to Portuguese Students". The Wallace Stevens Journal 41 2 (2017): 226-234.
    Published
  4. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Blindfolded Eyes and the Eyable Being. Pessoa, the Senses, and the 35 Sonnets". Pessoa Plural. A Journal of Fernando Pessoa Studies 10 (2016): 135-150.
    Published
  5. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Diferença? Ou variedade infinita". Cadernos de literatura comparada 35 (2016): 161-174.
    Published
  6. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Quando o lírico interrompe o épico. Sobre Escuro de Ana Luísa Amaral". Abril - Revista do Núcleo de Estudos de Literatura Portuguesa e Africana da UFF 6 13 (2014): 161-165.
    Published
  7. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Difference and Hierarchy Revisited by Feminism". Anglo Saxonica 6 (2013):
    Published
  8. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Who Owns American Studies? Old and New Approaches to Understanding the United States of America". OpCit. A Journal of Anglo-American Studies 2 (2013): 1-22.
    Published
  9. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Narcissus in the Desert: A New Cartography for the American Lyric". Journal of Romance Studies 11 1 (2011): 21-36.
    Published
  10. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Trans-nationalism, Post-imperialism, and the Language of American Poetry". Op.Cit. - Revista de Estudos Anglo-Americanos 9 (2007): 47-59.
    Published
  11. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Remembering Forgetfulness: Women Poets and the Lyrical Tradition". Cadernos de Literatura Comparada 16 (2006): 179-201.
    Published
  12. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Modernist Muses That Matter. Inspiration in Pessoa and Stevens". The Wallace Stevens Journal 29 1 (2005): 44-55.
    Published
  13. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Tolerância – não!” [No to Tolerance]". Revista de História das Ideias 25 (2004): 147-156.
    Published
  14. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "The Art of Rumination: Pessoa’s Heteronyms Revisited". Journal of Romance Studies 3 3 (2003): 9-21.
    Published
  15. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Ruth’s Mother-in-Law or Intersexualities". Anglo-Saxónica: Revista do Centro de Estudos Anglísticos da Universidade de Lisboa 16/17 (2002):
    Published
  16. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Poets of the Modern Consciousness. Hart Crane and próspero saíz.”". OpCit: Revista da Associação Portuguesa de Estudos Anglo-Americanos 4 (2001):
    Published
  17. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Os Estudos sobre as Mulheres e o saber. Onde se conclui que o poético é feminista". ex aequo. Revista da Associação Portuguesa de Estudos sobre as Mulheres 5 (2001): 107-122.
    Published
  18. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Interrupção poética: Um conceito pessoano para a lírica moderna". Veredas Revista da Associação Internacional de Lusitanistas 3 (2000): 235-253.
    Published
  19. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "A ciência e as humanidades; as ciências e a humanidade; a teoria crítica e a poesia". Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais 54 (1999): 129-136.
  20. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Hart’s Matrix: Poetry, Eroticism, and the Nation’s Subject” (On the Centenary of Hart Crane’s Birth)". Op. Cit. Revista da Associação Portuguesa de Estudos Anglo-Americanos 3 (1999):
    Published
  21. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Re-inventing Orpheus: Women and Poetry Today". Portuguese Studies 14 (1998): 122-137.
    Published
  22. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Poets, Angels, and the Canon: Master Caeiro and the Supreme Fiction". Indiana Journal of Hispanic Literatures 9 (1996):
    Published
  23. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "From Whitman to Pessoa". Journal of the Institute of Romance Studies 94/95 (1995): 213-239.
    Published
  24. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "A Red-Blue Dazzle: Poetry and the American Flag". Revue Française d'Etudes Americaines 58 (1993):
    Published
  25. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Bondoso caos: a Costa dos murmúrios de Lídia Jorge". Colóquio/Letras 107 (1989): 64-67.
    Published
  26. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Da história como memória do desejo: O cais das merendas de Lídia Jorge". Colóquio/Letras 109 (1989): 60-68.
    Published
  27. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "The Woman in the Poem: Wallace Stevens, Ramon Fernandez, and Adrienne Rich". The Wallace Stevens Journal 12 (1988):
    Published
  28. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Poetas e pássaros: sobre a consciência poética em Pessoa e Stevens". Colóquio/Letras 88 (1985): 94-101.
    Published
  29. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Da crítica à ficção: Harold Bloom no centro e na margem". Biblos Revista da FLUC 60 (1984):
    Published
  30. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Interrupção poética: Fernando Pessoa e o ‘Kubla Khan’ de Coleridge". Persona 9 (1983): 15-19.
    Published
Journal issue
  1. Santos, Maria. "Estudos feministas e cidadania plena". Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais (2010): https://journals.openedition.org/rccs/216.
    Published
  2. Santos, Maria. "Transnational, Post-imperial American Studies?". Op. Cit. Revista da Associação Portuguese de Estudos Anglo-Americanos 9 (2007): https://sites.google.com/site/opcitapeaa/issues/2007---no9.
    Published
Newspaper article
  1. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "Um olho que chora e um olho que ri. A musa incansável de Alberto Pimenta", Jornal de Letras Artes e Ideias, 2019
  2. Ramalho, Maria Irene. "A humana condisoooooooooong", 2016
Activities

Association member

Society Organization name Role
1994 - 1996 Scientific Committee for Women’s Studies (EU SIGMA Project, Comission DGXXI)
1992 - 1994 European Association of American Studies Vice-Presidente

Committee member

Activity description
Role
Institution / Organization
2006 - 2007 Member of the European Young Investigator Awards (EURYI) Review Panel “Humanities and Social Sciences”
Member
European Science Foundation, France
2006 - 2007 Wise-Susman Prize Committee
Member
American Studies Association, United States
2004 - 2004 Chair of the Women’s Committee of ASA
President / Vice-president
American Studies Association, United States
2003 - 2004 Scientific Committee for Humanities and the Social Sciences
Member
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Portugal

Conference scientific committee

Conference name Conference host
1996 - 1997 Third European Feminist Research Conference

Consulting

Activity description Institution / Organization
1998 - 2000 Co-Chair, Task Force for International Women in American Studies

Evaluation committee

Activity description
Role
Institution / Organization Funding entity
2004 - 2004 Panel for evaluating projects in Programa Lusitânia
Evaluator
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Portugal
1999 - 2003 Chair of the International Evaluating Panel to review research centers of Literary Studies in Portugal
Evaluator
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Portugal
1999 - 2001 Panel for evaluating PRAXIS projects
Evaluator
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Portugal

Journal scientific committee

Journal title (ISSN) Publisher
2007 - Current Portuguese Studies
1996 - Current Sources

Other jury / evaluation

Activity description Institution / Organization
1999 - 2001 Prémio Camões Ministério da Cultura, Portugal
Distinctions

Award

2008 Mary C. Turpie Prize
American Studies Association, United States

Other distinction

2018 Medalha de Mérito Científico
Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Ensino Superior, Portugal
2008 Finalist for the 2008 Jabuti Prize
Câmara Brasileira do Livro, Brazil