She received her PhD in Nano chemistry from the University of Tehran-Iran in 2019. She is the author of more than 30 publications. She served as a lead author in 7 highly cited articles, and 15 top Journal articles (Q1), with over 2300 citations (h-index: 16 without self-citation). She is on the editorial board of two journals: Progress in Chemical and Biochemical Research and Asian Journal of Nanoscience and Materials also a guest editor for the Carbon Letters journal. She reviews several articles in different journals like Fuel, International Journal of hydrogen energy, food and chemical toxicology, Chemosphere, etc. During her Post-Doc (2020- now), her research focus is "evolved" from synthesis and characterization of novel active materials in laboratory conditions, to scalable fabrication of integrated systems with a wide range of electrochemical materials. she did an MSc (2012-2014), under the supervision of Professor Hassan Karimi, who is a highly cited researcher selected by clarivate analytics and the Top 1% of Scientists in Chemistry and Agriculture simultaneously in ISI Essential Science Indicators. During her PhD period (2014-2019) she had the opportunity to work with Professor Mohammad Reza Ganjali, who is as well top 1% scientist in the field of nanomaterials, and electrochemistry sensors. There she focused on the synthesis of carbon-based materials including GO, rGO, and GQD and their nanocomposites also using them as modifier electrodes for designing electrochemical sensors. At the same time, during her Ph.D. period, she was the team leader of Professor Karimi’s lab. In the last year of her Ph.D., she received a grant from the Ministry of Science of Iran, for 6 months, to visit Professor Christopher Brett's group at the University of Coimbra (UC), who is a reference figure in electrochemistry, and his book in electrochemistry is one of the main references for students of this field. Through her visiting research period, not only she further developed her electrochemical knowledge, but also her capacity for team working and communication skills enhanced. In 2020, she made an interdisciplinary move to the Soft and Printed Microelectronics Laboratory (SPM) at UC. Here, she learned SOTA fabrication methods of printed and stretchable electronics, and batteries, and learned about the extraordinary role of Liquid Metals, that are changing the way we fabricate smart electronic devices. She combined her background in graphene-based materials, with the expertise of SPM-UC, and worked on the composites including the graphene products (G, GO, and GQD), with Liquid Metals. In less than 3 years, she was able to demonstrate three different composites, with application in flexible transparent conductors for solar cells and optoelectronic devices, and a super-capacitor with a record-breaking value. During these years, she published 17 articles, and 5 of them are highly cited. (Unfortunately, during the last two years, and in challenging circumstances due to the COVID-19 pandemic, its restrictions, and quarantines, we have had many obstacles getting our research results published faster.) In 2020, she was co-supervised by an MSc student (Guilherme Costa) who just defended his thesis, and their article related to 3D printable and Stretchable batteries is published in Advanced Functional Materials. Aside from that, she supervised two MSc students at UC (Diogo Oliveira, and Marta Freitas). Also, she already supervises one Ph.D. student(Alexandre Chambel) at UC.

Personal identification

Full name
Afsaneh LalSanati

Citation names

  • LalSanati, Afsaneh
  • Afsaneh L.Sanati

Author identifiers

Ciência ID

Email addresses

  • a.sanati86@gmail.com (Professional)


Mobile phone
  • (+351) 936213696 (Personal)
  • (+98) 902683599 (Personal)


  • Departamento de Engenharia Electrotecnica e de Computadores, Universidade de Coimbra, Polo II, 3030-290, coimbra, coimbra, Portugal (Professional)

Knowledge fields

  • Engineering and Technology - Nano-technology - Nano-materials
  • Exact Sciences - Chemical Sciences - Electrochemistry
  • Engineering and Technology - Materials Engineering - Composites


Language Speaking Reading Writing Listening Peer-review
Persian (Mother tongue)
English Advanced (C1) Proficiency (C2) Proficiency (C2) Advanced (C1) Advanced (C1)
Portuguese Upper intermediate (B2) Upper intermediate (B2) Intermediate (B1) Upper intermediate (B2) Upper intermediate (B2)
Degree Classification
2014/09/23 - 2019/03/04
Nano-Chemistry (Doktor (PhD))
Major in Supramolecular
University of Tehran Department of Chemistry, Iran
"Targeted modification of graphene quantum dots for design and fabrication of chemical sensors for some pharmaceutical compounds such as: serotonin and levodopa" (THESIS/DISSERTATION)
2012/09/22 - 2014/09/01
Nano-Chemistry (Master)
Major in Nanochemistry
Graduate University of Advanced Technology, Iran
"Theoretical and experimental investigation of synthesize NiO nanoparticle and nanocomposite; Application of them for electrochemical drug analysis" (THESIS/DISSERTATION)
2008/02/04 - 2012/02/19
Applied chemistry (Bachelor)
Major in Chemistry
University of Birjand, Iran


Host institution
2022/05/01 - Current Postdoc (Research) Universidade de Coimbra Instituto de Sistemas e Robótica, Portugal
2021/07/01 - 2022/04/30 Contracted Researcher (Research) Universidade de Coimbra Instituto de Sistemas e Robótica, Portugal
2018/05/01 - 2018/12/01 Visiting Researcher (Research) Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal
University of Tehran, Iran

Positions / Appointments

Host institution
2020/07/01 - 2021/06/30 Master Researcher Universidade de Coimbra Instituto de Sistemas e Robótica, Portugal
Universidade de Coimbra Instituto de Sistemas e Robótica, Portugal


Designation Funders
2022/05/01 - 2023/04/30 SII&DT SMART Display
Post-doc Fellow
2020/07/01 - 2021/06/30 UID/EEA/00048-Area 6- health technologies
UID/EEA/00048-Area 6- health technologies
Universidade de Coimbra Instituto de Sistemas e Robótica, Portugal
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
2014 - 2017 Synthesis of Pt:Co nanoalloy using polyol method and application of its in preparation of electrochemical modified sensor with catechol mediator for simultaneous determination of N-acetylcysteine, acetaminophen and folic acid
Iran National Science Foundation


Designation Funders
2021/07/01 - 2022/04/30 ISR-DERMOTRONICS/2-PD
Universidade de Coimbra Instituto de Sistemas e Robótica, Portugal
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia


Designation Funders
2021 - 2022 CMU-Portugal WoW project


Journal article
  1. Sanati, Afsaneh L.; Nikitin, Timur; Fausto, Rui; Majidi, Carmel; Tavakoli, Mahmoud. "Graphene-Assisted Chemical Stabilization of Liquid Metal Nano Droplets for Liquid Metal Based Energy Storage". Advanced Materials Technologies (2024): http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/admt.202301428.
  2. Freitas, Marta Calisto; Sanati, Afsaneh L.; Lopes, Pedro Alhais; Silva, André F.; Tavakoli, Mahmoud. "3D Printed Gallium Battery with Outstanding Energy Storage: Toward Fully Printed Battery-on-the-Board Soft Electronics". Small (2024): http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smll.202304716.
  3. Sanati, Afsaneh L.; Alhais Lopes, Pedro; Chambel, Alexandre; Silva, André F.; Oliveira, Diogo M.; Majidi, Carmel; de Almeida, Anibal T.; Tavakoli, Mahmoud. "Recyclable liquid metal – Graphene supercapacitor". Chemical Engineering Journal 479 (2024): 147894. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2023.147894.
    Open access • 10.1016/j.cej.2023.147894
  4. Ameen, Fuad; Mostafazadeh, Reza; Hamidian, Yasamin; Erk, Nevin; LalSanati, Afsaneh; Karaman, Ceren; Ayati, Ali. "Modeling of adsorptive removal of azithromycin from aquatic media by CoFe2O4/NiO anchored microalgae-derived nitrogen-doped porous activated carbon adsorbent and colorimetric quantifying of azithromycin in pharmaceutical products". Chemosphere 329 (2023): 138635. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2023.138635.
  5. Jamil A. Buledi; Huma Shaikh; Amber R. Solangi; Arfana Mallah; Zia-ul-Hassan Shah; Mir Mehran Khan; Afsaneh L. Sanati; et al. "Synthesis of NiO-Doped ZnO Nanoparticle-Decorated Reduced Graphene Oxide Nanohybrid for Highly Sensitive and Selective Electrochemical Sensing of Bisphenol A in Aqueous Samples". Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research (2023): https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.2c04091.
  6. Costa, Guilherme; Lopes, Pedro Alhais; Sanati, Afsaneh L.; Silva, André F.; Freitas, Marta Calisto; de Almeida, Anibal T.; Tavakoli, Mahmoud. "3D Printed Stretchable Liquid Gallium Battery". Advanced Functional Materials 32 27 (2022): 2113232. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adfm.202113232.
  7. Sanati, Afsaneh L.; Chambel, Alexandre; Lopes, Pedro Alhais; Nikitin, Timur; Fausto, Rui; Tavakoli, Mahmoud. "Laser-Assisted Rapid Fabrication of Large-Scale Graphene Oxide Transparent Conductors". Advanced Materials Interfaces 9 17 (2022): 2102343. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/admi.202102343.
  8. Karimi-Maleh, Hassan; Karaman, Ceren; Karaman, Onur; Karimi, Fatemeh; Vasseghian, Yasser; Fu, Li; Baghayeri, Mehdi; et al. "Nanochemistry approach for the fabrication of Fe and N co-decorated biomass-derived activated carbon frameworks: a promising oxygen reduction reaction electrocatalyst in neutral media". Journal of Nanostructure in Chemistry 12 3 (2022): 429-439. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40097-022-00492-3.
  9. Karimi-Maleh, Hassan; Karimi, Fatemeh; Fu, Li; Sanati, Afsaneh L.; Alizadeh, Marzieh; Karaman, Ceren; Orooji, Yasin. "Cyanazine herbicide monitoring as a hazardous substance by a DNA nanostructure biosensor". Journal of Hazardous Materials 423 (2022): 127058. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.127058.
  10. Karimi, Fatemeh; Ayati, Ali; Tanhaei, Bahareh; Sanati, Afsaneh L.; Afshar, Safoora; Kardan, Alireza; Dabirifar, Zeynab; Karaman, Ceren. "Removal of metal ions using a new magnetic chitosan nano-bio-adsorbent; A powerful approach in water treatment". Environmental Research 203 (2022): 111753. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2021.111753.
  11. Chambel, Alexandre; Sanati, Afsaneh L.; Lopes, Pedro Alhais; Nikitin, Timur; Fausto, Rui; de Almeida, Aníbal T.; Tavakoli, Mahmoud. "Laser Writing of Eutectic Gallium–Indium Alloy Graphene-Oxide Electrodes and Semitransparent Conductors". Advanced Materials Technologies 7 5 (2021): http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/admt.202101238.
  12. Karimi, Fatemeh; Mazaheri, Davood; Saei Moghaddam, Mojtaba; Mataei Moghaddam, Ali; Sanati, Afsaneh L.; Orooji, Yasin. "Solid-state fermentation as an alternative technology for cost-effective production of bioethanol as useful renewable energy: a review". Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery (2021): http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13399-021-01875-2.
  13. Yasin Orooji; Mohammad Javadi; Hassan Karimi-Maleh; Alireza Zamani Aghaie; Kazem Shayan; Afsaneh L. Sanati; Rozhin Darabi. "Numerical and experimental investigation of natural gas injection effects on NOx reburning at the rotary cement kiln exhaust". Process Safety and Environmental Protection 151 (2021): 290-298. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2021.05.019.
  14. Karimi-Maleh, Hassan; Orooji, Yasin; Karimi, Fatemeh; Alizadeh, Marzieh; Baghayeri, Mehdi; Rouhi, Jalal; Tajik, Somayeh; et al. "A critical review on the use of potentiometric based biosensors for biomarkers detection". Biosensors and Bioelectronics 184 (2021): 113252. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2021.113252.
  15. Orooji, Yasin; Asrami, Padideh Naderi; Beitollahi, Hadi; Tajik, Somayeh; Alizadeh, Marzieh; Salmanpour, Sadegh; Baghayeri, Mehdi; et al. "An electrochemical strategy for toxic ractopamine sensing in pork samples; twofold amplified nano-based structure analytical tool". Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization 15 5 (2021): 4098-4104. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11694-021-00982-y.
  16. Hamidreza Arzaghi; Bahareh Rahimi; Bashir Adel; Golbarg Rahimi; Zahra Taherian; Afsaneh L. Sanati; Amin Shiralizadeh Dezfuli. "Nanomaterials modulating stem cell behavior towards cardiovascular cell lineage". Materials Advances (2021): https://doi.org/10.1039/D0MA00957A.
  17. LalSanati, Afsaneh. "Properties and recent advantages in N,N'-dialkylimidazolium-ion liquids application in electrochemistry". Current Analytical Chemistry (2020): http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573411016999201022141930.
  18. LalSanati, Afsaneh. "Electrochemical Sensors, a Bright Future in the Fabrication of Portable Kits in Analytical Systems". The Chemical Record 20 7 (2020): 682-692. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/tcr.201900092.
  19. LalSanati, Afsaneh. "Graphene Quantum Dots in Electrochemical Sensors/Biosensors". Current Analytical Chemistry 15 2 (2019): 103-123. http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573411014666180319145506.
  20. Sanati, A.L.; Faridbod, F.; Ganjali, M.R.. "Synergic effect of graphene quantum dots and room temperature ionic liquid for the fabrication of highly sensitive voltammetric sensor for levodopa determination in the presence of serotonin". Journal of Molecular Liquids 241 (2017): 316-320. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-85020699008&partnerID=MN8TOARS.
  21. Sanati, A.L.; Faridbod, F.. "Electrochemical determination of methyldopa by graphene quantum dot / 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluoro phosphate nanocomposite electrode". International Journal of Electrochemical Science 12 9 (2017): 7997-8005. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-85029496300&partnerID=MN8TOARS.
  22. Yoosefian, M.; Karimi-Maleh, H.; Sanati, A.L.. "A theoretical study of solvent effects on the characteristics of the intramolecular hydrogen bond in Droxidopa". Journal of Chemical Sciences 127 6 (2015): 1007-1013. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84940539809&partnerID=MN8TOARS.
  23. Karimi-Maleh, H.; Moazampour, M.; Yoosefian, M.; Sanati, A.L.; Tahernejad-Javazmi, F.; Mahani, M.. "An Electrochemical Nanosensor for Simultaneous Voltammetric Determination of Ascorbic Acid and Sudan I in Food Samples". Food Analytical Methods 7 10 (2014): 2169-2176. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84919844634&partnerID=MN8TOARS.
  24. Karimi-Maleh, H.; Moazampour, M.; Gupta, V.K.; Sanati, A.L.. "Electrocatalytic determination of captopril in real samples using NiO nanoparticle modified (9,10-dihydro-9,10-ethanoanthracene-11,12-dicarboximido)- 4-ethylbenzene-1,2-diol carbon paste electrode". Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical 199 (2014): 47-53. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84898975965&partnerID=MN8TOARS.
  25. Sanati, A.L.; Karimi-Maleh, H.; Badiei, A.; Biparva, P.; Ensafi, A.A.. "A voltammetric sensor based on NiO/CNTs ionic liquid carbon paste electrode for determination of morphine in the presence of diclofenac". Materials Science and Engineering C 35 1 (2014): 379-385. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84890533129&partnerID=MN8TOARS.
  26. Karimi-Maleh, H.; Sanati, A.L.; Gupta, V.K.; Yoosefian, M.; Asif, M.; Bahari, A.. "A voltammetric biosensor based on ionic liquid/NiO nanoparticle modified carbon paste electrode for the determination of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH)". Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical 204 (2014): 647-654. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84906856743&partnerID=MN8TOARS.
  27. Pahlavan, A.; Gupta, V.K.; Sanati, A.L.; Karimi, F.; Yoosefian, M.; Ghadami, M.. "ZnO/CNTs nanocomposite/ionic liquid carbon paste electrode for determination of noradrenaline in human samples". Electrochimica Acta 123 (2014): 456-462. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84894467216&partnerID=MN8TOARS.
  28. Vahedi, J.; Karimi-Maleh, H.; Baghayeri, M.; Sanati, A.L.; Khalilzadeh, M.A.; Bahrami, M.. "A fast and sensitive nanosensor based on MgO nanoparticle room-temperature ionic liquid carbon paste electrode for determination of methyldopa in pharmaceutical and patient human urine samples". Ionics 19 12 (2013): 1907-1914. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84887990485&partnerID=MN8TOARS.


Thesis Title
Degree Subject (Type)
Institution / Organization
2020 - Current Laser processing of EGaIn droplets, graphene oxide, and EGaIn@GO compositeS for advanced electronics
Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal
2021 - 2022 Printed Ag-Ga Battery for Digitally fabricated soft robots
Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal
2021 - 2022 Thin-Film Supercapacitors based on Liquid Metal-Graphene Composite
Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal
2020 - 2021/11 Ga-Ag stretchable and Printable battery
Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal
2018 - 2020 Preparation and evaluation of electrochemical biosensors based on carbon nanostructures for the analysis of anticancer drugs mitoxantrone and daunorubicin
Islamic Azad University Science and Research Branch, Iran

Ad Hoc journal article review

Journal title (ISSN) Publisher
2022 - Current Fuel Elsevier
2022 - Current Food and chemical toxicology Elsevier
2022 - Current Environmental research Elsevier
2022 - Current Journal of food measurement and characterization Springer
2022 - Current International journal of hydrogen energy Elsevier
2022 - Current Food and Chemical Toxicology Elsevier
2021 - Current Chemosphere Elsevier
2020 - Current Open Chemistry Walter de Gruyter
2018 - 2020 Journal of Current Analytical Chemistry Bentham Science
2018 - 2019 Journal of Nanomaterials Hindawi

Committee member

Activity description
Institution / Organization
2023 - Current A member of the Liquid 3D master scholarship jury. Liquid 3D:3D Printed Soft-Matter Electronics based on Liquid Metal Composites: Nature Inspired, Nature-Friendly, Resilient, Recyclable, and Repairable

Journal scientific committee

Journal title (ISSN) Publisher
2023 - Current Carbon letters journal Springer
2022 - Current Asian Journal of Nanoscience and Materials Sami Publishing Company
2022 - Current Progress in Chemical and Biochemical Research Sami Publishing Company


2020 5 Hot papers in the last 2 years
Clarivate Analytics US LLC, United States

Clarivate Analytics UK Limited, United Kingdom
2019 Recognized as the best PhD electrochemistry student in nationalwide annual competition
Electrochemical society of IRAN, Iran
2018 6 months grant to be in Portugal as a visiting researcher
Ministry of Science Research and Technology of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Iran