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Erich Rast (Ph.D. Roskilde University, Denmark 2007) works as a senior researcher at the Nova Institute of Philosophy at the Universidade Nova de Lisboa. He has published books and numerous articles about indexical and nonindexical context-dependence, the interpretation as abduction view, the (meta-)semantics and pragmatics of evaluative terms such as ‘good’ and on theories of value structure and betterness relations. He has also worked on type-driven semantics for quantifier domain restriction, abductive reasoning in higher-order logics, philosophical and formal aspects of value disagreement, value structure, philosophical aspects of de se attitudes, and the role of computationalism in the philosophy of mind. Rast has participated in various research projects on the role of context dependence in epistemology and the philosophy of language and was the PI of a national research project on “Values in Argumentative Discourse” funded by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology. Rast's current work concerns the theory of "better than" and other problems of value theory in metaethics, the dependence of metalinguistic disagreement on varying background ontologies, different conceptions of lexical meaning and their relevance to metalinguistic disputes, ontological relativity, the role of inference to the best explanation in explainable AI, and problems concerning the semantics and pragmatics of evaluative language use.
Identificação

Identificação pessoal

Nome completo
Erich Herrmann Rast

Nomes de citação

  • Rast, Erich

Identificadores de autor

Ciência ID
AC13-0AE8-3A8E
ORCID iD
0000-0002-3067-1353

Endereços de correio eletrónico

  • erast@fcsh.unl.pt (Profissional)

Telefones

Telefone
  • 217908300 Ext.: 1527 (Profissional)
Telemóvel
  • 9678632207 (Profissional)

Websites

  • https://fcsh-unl.academia.edu/ErichRast (Rede social)
  • http://www.arglab.ifilnova.pt/pages/Erich_Rast (Profissional)
  • http://www.ifilnova.pt/pages/erich-rast (Profissional)
  • http://valueslisbon.netai.net/ (Profissional)
  • https://arglabseminar.wordpress.com (Profissional)
  • https://philpapers.org/s/Erich%20Rast (Académico)

Domínios de atuação

  • Humanidades - Filosofia, Ética e Religião - Filosofia
  • Humanidades - Línguas e Literaturas - Linguística

Idiomas

Idioma Conversação Leitura Escrita Compreensão Peer-review
Alemão (Idioma materno)
Português Utilizador independente (B1) Utilizador proficiente (C1) Utilizador independente (B1) Utilizador proficiente (C1) Utilizador elementar (A2)
Dinamarquês Utilizador elementar (A2) Utilizador independente (B1) Utilizador elementar (A1) Utilizador independente (B1) Utilizador independente (B1)
Francês Utilizador independente (B1) Utilizador independente (B2) Utilizador independente (B1) Utilizador independente (B2) Utilizador independente (B1)
Inglês Utilizador proficiente (C2) Utilizador proficiente (C2) Utilizador proficiente (C2) Utilizador proficiente (C2) Utilizador proficiente (C2)
Japonês Utilizador elementar (A1) Utilizador elementar (A1) Utilizador elementar (A1) Utilizador elementar (A1) Utilizador elementar (A1)
Latim Utilizador elementar (A1) Utilizador elementar (A1) Utilizador elementar (A1) Utilizador elementar (A1) Utilizador elementar (A1)
Formação
Grau Classificação
2003/09/01 - 2006/08/31
Concluído
Ph.D. in the Humanities, Philosophy and Science Studies (Doutoramento)
Roskilde Universitet, Dinamarca
"Reference and Indexicality" (TESE/DISSERTAÇÃO)
1994/04/01 - 2002/06/01
Concluído
M.A. in Philosophy (1. Main Subject) and General Linguistics (2. Main Subject) (Licenciatura)
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Alemanha
"Indexikalität und Referenz. Untersuchung zu den referentiellen Eigenschaften indexikalischer Ausdrücke." (TESE/DISSERTAÇÃO)
1.0 with honours
1992/03/01 - 1994/04/01
Concluído
Zwischenprüfung (B.A. level) in Philosophy (1. Main Topic) and General Linguistics (2. Main Topic) (Bacharelato)
Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen Philosophische Fakultät, Alemanha
2.0
Percurso profissional

Ciência

2008/02/01 - 2019/02/01 Pós-doutorado (Investigação)
Universidade Nova de Lisboa Instituto de Filosofia, Portugal
Projetos

Bolsa

Designação Financiadores
2012 - 2019/01/31 Understanding Each Other: Meaning and the Contextualist Challenge
SFRH/BPD/84612/2012
Bolseiro de Pós-Doutoramento
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Portugal
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
2011 - 2014/09 Argumentation, Communication and Context
110117
Provided by PTCRIS: 110117
Investigador
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P.
2007 - 2010/09 Context and Communication
Provided by PTCRIS: 68643
68643
Investigador
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P.

Projeto

Designação Financiadores
2008 - 2012/12/31 Ciencia 2007 Fellowship
Ciencia 2007
Bolseiro de Pós-Doutoramento
Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
2003 - 2006/08/31 Reference and Indexicality
Danish Research Council Fellowship
Bolseiro de Doutoramento
Danish Research Council, Dinamarca

Outro

Designação Financiadores
2019 - 2022/08/31 European network for Argumentation and Public PoLicY analysis [APPLY]
COST Action CA17132
Investigador
European Cooperation in Science and Technology
2016 - 2019/08/31 Values in Argumentative Discourse (PTDC/MHC-FIL/0521/2014)
PTDC/MHC-FIL/0521/2014
Investigador responsável
Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
Produções

Publicações

Artigo em conferência
  1. Rast, Erich Herrmann; Instituto de Filosofia da NOVA (IFILNOVA); Erich Rast. "Value Disagreement and Dual Aspect Semantics". 2017.
  2. Erich Rast. "Comment on Hitchcock’s “All things considered”". 2016.
  3. Erich Rast. "Making up One’s Mind". 2015.
  4. Rast, Erich. "Evaluating Time-Continuous Action Alternatives from the Perspective of Negative Utilitarianism". 2013.
  5. Erich Rast. "Evaluating Time-Continuous Action Alternatives from the Perspective of Negative Utilitarianism: A Layered Approach". 2013.
  6. Rast, Erich. "Context and Interpretation". 2009.
Artigo em revista
  1. Erich Rast. "The theory theory of metalinguistic disputes". Mind & Language (2020): https://doi.org/10.1111/mila.12355.
    10.1111/mila.12355
  2. Erich H. Rast. "The Multidimensional Structure of ‘better than’". Axiomathes (2020): https://doi.org/10.1007/s10516-020-09525-4.
    10.1007/s10516-020-09525-4
  3. Erich Rast. "Towards a Model of Argument Strength for Bipolar Argumentation Graphs". Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 55 (2018): 31-62. https://novaresearch.unl.pt/en/publications/cd2bd5f5-9635-4173-85ec-0c75fe36b60a.
    10.2478/slgr-2018-0027
  4. Erich Rast. "Perspectival Disagreement". Theoria - a Swedish Journal of Philosophy 84 2 (2018): 120-139. https://novaresearch.unl.pt/en/publications/126a4893-f493-45d6-9b76-39dc2eba661f.
    10.1111/theo.12143
  5. Erich Rast. "Metalinguistic Value Disagreement". Studia Semiotyczne XXXI 2 (2017): 139-159. https://research.unl.pt/en/publications/metalinguistic-value-disagreement(0c672486-95a8-4472-8464-5917517bd610).html.
    10.26333/sts.xxxi2.07
  6. Erich Rast. "Value Disagreement and Two Aspects of Meaning". Croatian journal of philosophy 17 3 (2017): 1-37. https://research.unl.pt/en/publications/value-disagreement-and-two-aspects-of-meaning(de12de1a-6e32-450d-9abc-2361fa7b4889).html.
  7. Erich Rast. "Harming Yourself and Others". Polish Journal of Philosophy VIII 2 (2016): 65-74. https://research.unl.pt/en/publications/harming-yourself-and-others(12c51ee2-ff25-4e87-9b0e-9a0ebce8a74c).html.
    10.5840/pjphil20082219
  8. Erich Rast. "Modeling Value Disagreement". Erkenntnis 81 4 (2015): 853–880-853–880. https://research.unl.pt/en/publications/modeling-value-disagreement(e5200549-9a30-4c1e-8e75-153a44d4bc0e).html.
    10.1007/s10670-015-9772-8
  9. Erich Rast. "Grammar, Geometry, & Brain". Studia Logica 102 1 (2014): 219-223. https://research.unl.pt/en/publications/grammar-geometry--brain(98c62b7d-b2c3-4124-9410-b2fd590f3abb).html.
  10. Herrmann, Rast. "On contextual domain restriction in categorial grammar". Synthese 190 12 (2013): 2085-2115. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11229-011-9960-2#.
    10.1007/s11229-011-9960-2
  11. Erich H. Rast. "De Se Puzzles, the Knowledge Argument, and the Formation of Internal Knowledge". Analysis & Metaphysics 11 (2012): 106-132. http://home.snafu.de/erich/Rast_De_Se_Puzzles_Analysis_and_Metaphysics_2012.pdf.
  12. Rast, Erich. "De Se Puzzles, the Knowledge Argument, and the Formation of Internal Knowledge". Analysis & Metaphysics 11 (2012): 106-132. http://home.snafu.de/erich/Rast_De_Se_Puzzles_Analysis_and_Metaphysics_2012.pdf.
  13. Rast, Erich H.. "Nonindexical Context-Dependence and the Interpretation as Abduction Approach". Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 7 2 (2011): 259-279. http://versita.metapress.com/content/dk16n826385r54v7/?p=7721b04b20ac448383b5ce179d02045c&pi=5.
    10.2478/v10016-011-0014-5
  14. Erich Rast. "Nonindexical context-dependence and the interpretation as abduction approach". Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 7 2 (2011): 259-279. https://research.unl.pt/en/publications/nonindexical-contextdependence-and-the-interpretation-as-abduction-approach(7a036d01-920f-4e89-aa4e-9005d9a3fb4e).html.
  15. Erich Rast. "On quantifier domain restriction in categorial grammar". Synthese 1 NA (2011): 1-31. https://research.unl.pt/en/publications/on-quantifier-domain-restriction-in-categorial-grammar(77e8a0e7-6a4c-4510-a32b-a23eb5ea9ba5).html.
  16. Erich Rast. "Plausibility Revision in Higher-Order Logic With an Application in Two-Dimensional Semantics". LogKCA-10 - Proceedings of the Second ILCLI International Workshop on Logic and Philosophy of Knowledge, Communication and Action 0 NA (2010): 387-403. https://research.unl.pt/en/publications/plausibility-revision-in-higherorder-logic-with-an-application-in-twodimensional-semantics(c5af2020-20b0-428b-9821-34710a94e83a).html.
  17. Erich Rast. "What Simulations Can’t Do: Reply to Fonseca and Gärtner". The Reasoner Vol. 3, No. 10 3 10 (2009): 5-6.. https://research.unl.pt/en/publications/what-simulations-cant-do-reply-to-fonseca-and-gartner(10ab0520-661a-43c9-82ca-2e4025f0f3ee).html.
  18. Rast, Erich. "What Simulations Can’t Do: Reply to Fonseca and Gärtner". The Reasoner Vol. 3, No. 10 3 10 (2009): 5-6..
  19. Rast, Erich. "A Remark About Essential Indexicals". The Reasoner 2 10 (2008): 5-6.
Capítulo de livro
  1. Erich Rast. "Theory of Concepts". editado por Hansson, {Sven Ove, 241-250. Reino Unido: Springer, 2018.
  2. Erich Rast. "Moral Choice Without Moralism". editado por Joao Saagua; Antonio Marques, 133-154. Reino Unido: Peter Lang, 2018.
  3. Erich Rast. "De se Attitudes and Semiotic Aspects of Cognition". editado por Jorge Gon{\cc, 121-146. Peter Lang - International Academic Publishers, 2015.
  4. Erich Rast. "Context as Assumptions". editado por Lihoreau, Franck; Rebuschi, Manuel, 9-39. Springer, 2014.
    10.1007/978-3-319-02943-6_2
  5. Rast, E.R.. "Classical possibilism and fictional objects". 77-92. 2013.
  6. Erich Rast. "Classical Possibilism and Fictional Objects". editado por Franck Lihoreau, 77-92. Ontos, 2011.
  7. Erich Rast. "Context and Interpretation". 515-534. University of the Basque Country, 2009.
Documento de trabalho
  1. Erich Rast. 2011. "Logic: A Primer". Documento de trabalho. https://research.unl.pt/en/publications/logic-a-primer(5a294d98-0b2a-480b-8f3f-f2887a9e7722).html.
Entrada de dicionário
  1. Erich Rast. "Valores". In Dicion{\'a, editado por Campos, { Andr{\'e. IFILNOVA, 2019. https://novaresearch.unl.pt/en/publications/c7c3c3eb-4e7b-4dba-807f-e2ffe0e99f30.
Livro
  1. Rast, Erich. Meaning and Context. Suiça. 2010.
  2. Erich Rast; Luiz Carlos Mansur Baptista. Meaning and Context. Peter Lang. 2010.
  3. Rast, Erich. Reference and Indexicality. Alemanha: Logos Verlag. 2007.
Revisão de livro
  1. Erich Rast. "Review of Fenstad's "Grammar, Geometry, & Brain"". 102, 1 (2014): 219-223. http://home.snafu.de/erich/Fenstad_Draft.pdf.
    10.1007/s11225-013-9521-4
Tese / Dissertação
  1. Herrmann, Rast. "Reference and Indexicality". 2006. http://rudar.ruc.dk/handle/1800/2287.

Outros

Outra produção
  1. Erich Rast. 2017. Values in Argumentative Discourse. https://research.unl.pt/en/publications/values-in-argumentative-discourse(7af199f3-12dc-4a5d-a15a-b461410a78a2).html.
  2. Rast, Erich Herrmann; Instituto de Filosofia da NOVA (IFILNOVA). 2017. Value Disagreement and Two Aspects of Meaning. The problem of value disagreement and contextualist, relativist and metalinguistic attempts ofsolving it are laid out. Although the metalinguistic account seems to be on the right track, it isargued that it does not sufficiently explain why and how disagreements about the meaning ofevaluative terms are based on and can be decided by appeal to existing social practices. As aremedy, it is argued tha. http://hdl.handle.net/10362/31627.
  3. Rast, Erich Herrmann; Instituto de Filosofia da NOVA (IFILNOVA). 2017. Metalinguistic Value Disagreement. In a series of publications Burgess, Plunkett and Sundell have developed a metalinguistic negotiation view that they call ‘Conceptual Ethics.’ I argue that their position adequately captures our intuition that some cases of value disputes are metalinguistic, but that they reverse the direction of justification when they state that speakers ‘negotiate’ the best use of a term or concept on the basis. http://hdl.handle.net/10362/34709.
    https://doi.org/10.26333/sts.xxxi2.07
  4. Erich Rast. 2009. A Remark About Essential Indexicals. https://novaresearch.unl.pt/en/publications/a712e513-cc98-48ca-87df-77ff8b6e1a52.
    10.1017/CCOL0521650186.003
Distinções

Prémio

2002 M.A. with Honours
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Alemanha

Outra distinção

2014 FCT Research Project "Values in Argumentative Discourse" PTDC/MHC-FIL/0521/2014
2012 Postdoctoral Fellowship by FCT
Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT), Portugal
2008 Ciência 2007 Fellowship
Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT), Portugal
2003 International Doctoral Fellowship
Danish Research Council, Dinamarca